MPB 3.1

A Largest Medicinal Plants Database in Bangladesh



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Scientific NameFamilyVernacular NameHabitPlant PartsMedicinal Uses
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd.PoaceaeMakraHerbLeafA decoction of the leaves, combined with Scoparia dulcis, is used as a remedy for dysentery.
Dahlia pinnata Cav.AsteraceaeDaliaHerbLeaf, stem.Paste prepared from the leaves and stems of the plant is applied on affected area to relieve swellings.
Dalbergia lanceolaria L.f.FabaceaeBithuadalbarTreeLeafLeaf paste is applied to cuts, and wounds.
Dalbergia latifolia Roxb. FabaceaeSitshalTreeBarkThe bark is used to treat diarrhoea, indigestion and leprosy, and as a vermifuge.
Dalbergia sissoo DC.FabaceaeShishooTreeLeafPowdered wood, leaves and seed oil are used in traditional medicine in India, especially to treat skin diseases. The leaves are reportedly used as a stimulant and to treat gonorrhoea and wounds.
Dalbergia spinosa Roxb. FabaceaeAnantakantaShrub LeafLeaf paste is applied to treat rheumatism.
Dalbergia stipulacea Roxb.FabaceaeDadbariWoody climberLeaf, root.
Roots and leaves are used to treat gonorrhoea and aphthae.  
Dalbergia volubilis Roxb.FabaceaeAnkilataWoody climberLeaf, root.The juice of the leaves is applied to aphthae and used as a gargle in sore throat. The root juice with cumin and sugar is given in gonorrhoea.
Dasymaschalon longiflorum (Roxb.) Finet & Gagnep.AnnonaceaeKullaShrub or small treeLeafAn extract made with the leaves of the plant is used for havinghot bath once a day for seven days to treat nausea. Extract prepared from the leaves of the plant is used as mouth wash during toothache.
Datura metel L.SolanaceaeDhutraHerbLeafThe leaves are applied externally to treat conditions such as haemorrhoids, boils, sores, skin diseases, rheumatism, headache, toothache and ear ache.
Datura stramonium L.SolanaceaeDhuturaHerbLeaf, seed, root. Seeds are used in the treatment of stomach and intestinal pain due to worm infestation, toothache and fever from inflammations.  Leaves are used as a poultice or wash in the treatment of fistulas, abscesses, wounds, swellings, burns, fungal infections, tumours and severe neuralgia. The skin is washed with an infusion of roots and leaves as a treatment for ulcers.
Daucus carota L.ApiaceaeGazarHerbRootRoots are boiled in milk; the milk is drunk and at the same time a poultice of the root is applied to the chest for the treatment of cough and chest afflictions. Ointment made from roots of the plant is used for the treatment of burns. A paste is made with the roots of the plant is applied on the boils twice a day until the boils is cured.
Dehaasia kurzii King ex Hook.f.LauraceaeBaghrangaTreeLeafPaste prepared from the leaves of the plant is applied to treat eczema.
Delonix regia (Hook.) Raf.CaesalpiniaceaeKrishnachuraTreeFlowerAn aqueous extract of the flowers is active against roundworm.
Dendrobium aphyllum (Roxb.) C.E.C.Fisch.OrchidaceaeFasiariamEpiphytic or lithophytic herbWhole plant.A balm is made with the plant is used for massaging on the affected part of the body to treat gout. A fresh juice is extracted from the plant is used for the treatment of rheumatism.
Dendrocnide sinuata (Blume) ChewUrticaceaeChutraShrub or small treeLeaf, root.A decoction of the roots is drunk as a remedy for swollen limbs. The leaves are applied externally as a treatment against scabies.
Dendrophthoe falcata (L.f.) Ettingsh.LoranthaceaePharullaSemi-parasite shrubBark  The bark is used in wounds and menstrual troubles, asthma and mania.
Dentella repens (L.) J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.RubiaceaeSada phuliHerbLeaf, whole plant.A fresh juice is extracted from the leaves of the plant is taken to control high blood pressure. A paste is made with the leaves of the plant is applied to treat eczema. Crushed warm leaves are given for loose motion. Paste prepared from the leaves of the plant is used for poulticing sores.
Derris cuneifolia Benth.FabaceaeKanitambulWoody climberLeafLeaf paste is applied to treat headache.
Derris elliptica (Wall.) Benth.FabaceaeTabamulClimberLeafLeaves are used in the treatment of leprosy and itch, as an antiseptic and also applied to abscesses.
Derris robusta (DC.) Benth.FabaceaeMiringaTreeLeaf, root.Leaf paste is applied to fractured bone.  Root juice is used to treat sore throat.
Derris trifoliata Lour.FabaceaeKalilataClimber Leaf, root.A decoction of the roots is used externally against fever and internally against sores. A decoction of the leaves is used in the treatment of malaria.
Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC.FabaceaeGonga modiSub-shrubLeaf, root.A decoction of the leaves is used against stones in the gall bladder, kidneys or bladder. A decoction of the root is employed to treat kidney problems, oedema, swellings, chronic fever, coughs, biliousness, diarrhoea and dysentery; or as a sedative for children.
Desmodium heterocarpon (L.) DC.FabaceaeKarpo modiHerbWhole plant.The whole plant is used medicinally for reducing fever and for treating contusions and strains.
Desmodium laxiflorum DC.FabaceaeLaximodiSub-shrubLeafA poultice of the leaves, is applied externally to wounds, ulcers, and for skin problems.
Desmodium styracifolium (Osbeck) Merr.FabaceaeRashi modiUndershrubWhole plant.The whole plant is used medicinally for curing nephritis oedema, urethra inflammation, jaundice, and irritation from nettles.
Desmodium triflorum (L.) DC.FabaceaeKalaliyaHerbWhole plant.A decoction is used as a mouthwash; and the crushed plant, or a poultice of the leaves, is applied externally on wounds, ulcers, and for skin problems. 
Desmos chinensis Lour.AnnonaceaeSotoyalangScandent shrubRoot.A decoction of the roots is used in the treatment of dysentery.
Desmos dumosus (Roxb.) Saff.AnnonaceaeDumoyalangWoody climberLeafLeaf paste is applied to treat boils.
Dianthus caryophyllus L.CaryophyllaceaeJata salparHerbFlowerFlowers are an aromatic, stimulant herb that has been used in tonic cordials in the past to treat fevers. It is traditionally prescribed in herbal medicine to treat coronary and nervous disorders.
Dianthus chinensis L.CaryophyllaceaeChina salparHerbFlowerFlower is used externally for skin inflammations and swellings.
Dicranopteris linearis (Burm. f.) Underw.GleicheniaceaeSaj dhekiHerbLeafThe leaves are used as a poultice when treating wounds, cuts, boils, ulcers and sores. The crushed leaves are applied as a poultice to control fever.
Dieffenbachia seguine (Jacq.) SchottAraceaeSegubetHerbSap, seed.The sap is used in tropical America as an antidote (counter-irritant) against snakebites, and to treat rheumatism and gout externally. It is also used to treat tumours and warts. The seed oil is applied on wounds, burns and inflammations.
Digera muricata (L.) Mart.AmaranthaceaeDidjarHerbLeaf, young shoot, leaf.The leaves and young shoots of this plant are locally used as a vegetable and given to relieve constipation. Leaves are used internally against digestive system disorders and seeds and flowers are used to treat urinary disorders. Leaf paste is applied locally to prevent pus formation.
Dillenia indica L.DilleniaceaeChaltaTreeBark, fruit.The bark is used as a mouthwash to treat thrush. Fruit is used in the treatment of abdominal disorders
Dillenia pentagyna Roxb.DilleniaceaeHargazaTreeBarkA decoction made with the bark of the plant is taken for diarrhoea, dysentery. Bark of the plant is used for tuberculosis, fistula, sores, carbuncles, neuralgia, pleurisy, and pneumonia.
Dimocarpus longan Lour.SapindaceaeKathlichuTreeFruit.A decoction of the dried flesh is taken as a tonic and treatment for insomnia and neurasthenic neurosis.
Dioscorea alata L.DioscoreaceaeMete aluClimberTuberThe tuber is grated, mixed with brown stout vinegar, then spread onto paper and placed on the small of a woman’s back to prevent or forestall a threatened miscarriage.
Dioscorea bulbifera L.DioscoreaceaeBanaluClimberBulbil, root.The juice of the roots is taken to expel threadworm.  Bulbils are used externally, usually as a poultice, to treat wounds, sores, boils and inflammations.
Dioscorea hamiltonii Hook.f.  DioscoreaceaeMiltoni aluClimberLeafThe leaf paste is taken to treat jaundice.
Dioscorea hispida Dennst.DioscoreaceaeLoma aluClimberTuber Tubers are poisonous, ethnic people use the tubers for ulcer to kill worms in wounds and as fish poison, also for hunting purposes. Different plant parts are used in whitlow, sores, boils and bites of rabbit, jackel or dog.
Dioscorea pentaphylla L.DioscoreaceaeJum aluClimberWhole plantThe juice of the plant is applied to boils. A decoction of the plant is applied to swellings.
Diospyros blancoi A.DC.EbenaceaeBeelati gabTreeLeaf, bark, fruit.A decoction of the young leaves is used as a treatment for hypertension, heart ailments and diabetes. The bark is astringent, A decoction is used as a treatment for coughs, fevers, dysentery and diarrhea. An infusion of the fruit is used as a gargle in treating aphthous stomatitis.
Diospyros lanceifolia Roxb.EbenaceaeLaci gabTreeLeafLeaves of the platn have anti-inflammatory activities antioxidant activity.
Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel.EbenaceaeDeshi gabTreeBark, leaf, flower and fruit.The fruit, when unripe, is said to be cold, light, and astringent; and to possess anti-bacterial and anthelmintic activity. The juice of the fresh bark is useful in the treatment of bilious fever. The seeds are used as a treatment for diarrhoea and chronic dysentery.
Diospyros montana Roxb.EbenaceaeTomalSmall treeFruitThe fruits are applied externally to treat boils.
Diospyros nigricans Wall. ex A.DC.EbenaceaeLohamori GabTreeBark.The bark and wood are applied as a styptic on wounds and ulcers.
Diospyros pilosiuscula G.DonEbenaceaeHatipitaTreeLeafLeaf paste is applied to headache.
Diplazium esculentum (Retz.) Sw.WoodsiaceaeDheki shakHerbLeafA decoction of the leaves is used as a tonic for women after they have given birth. Processed frond is taken for cure malnutrition.
Diploclisia glaucescens (Blume) DielsMenispermaceaeSonatolaWoody climberLeaf, stem, root.Juice extracted from the leaves and stems of the plant is given for the treatment of diarrhea. Paste prepared from the roots of the plant is applied to the biting place for the treatment of snakebite. Plants leaves are heated and applied externally for sprain treatment.
Diplocyclos palmatus (L.) C.JeffreyCucurbitaceaeMalaClimbing herbLeaf, fruit, seed.The fruits and leaves are used to cure stomachache, stems are used as an expectorant, fruits are used as a laxative and seeds are febrifuge. The aerial plant parts are potentially utilized for several purposes such as for aphrodisiac and tonic, constipation, stomach problem, diarrhoea, malaria fever.
Dipterocarpus alatus Roxb. ex G.DonDipterocarpaceaeDhulia gorjonTreeResinThe resin obtained from the trunk is disinfectant, laxative, diuretic, mildly stimulant. It is used in analgesic liniments and can be mixed with bee wax then used as an antiseptic in bandages on ulcerated wounds.
Dipterocarpus costatus Gaertn.DipterocarpaceaeSada gorjonTreeBarkThe bark of the plant is used to relieve rheumatic problems and alleviates respiratory disorder. Bark of the plant is used in ulcer as a local application. The bark is especially used in urinary tract disorders.
Dipterocarpus turbinatus C.F.GaertnDipterocarpaceaeTeli garjanTreeResinA resin obtained from the tree is used in the treatment of ulcers, ring worms and other skin infections. It is a stimulant to mucous surfaces and is also a diuretic.
Dodonaea viscosa (L.) Jacq. SapindaceaePaniaphulShrubLeaf, root.Root decoction is used to treat digestive system disorders, including indigestion, ulcers, diarrhoea and constipation. The powdered leaves are given to expel roundworms.
Dracaena spicata Roxb.AgavaceaeKado drakanShrubRootA fresh juice extracted from roots of the plant, after warming and adding few drops of honey it is taken thrice a day (two tea spoons amount each time) for three days to treat fever.
Dregea volubilis (L.f.) Benth. ex Hook.f.  AsclepiadaceaeDrega vuluClimberLeaf, root.The leaf paste is also used to treat rheumatic pain, cough, fever and severe cold. A paste made from the roots is applied to snake bites and given to women to cure headache after child birth.
Drimia indica (Roxb.) JessopLiliaceaeBonpeajHerbBulb Bulb is used to treat cough, especially in chronic bronchitis and asthma.
Drosera burmannii VahlDroseraceaeSurja sishirInsectivorous herbWhole palnt.Traditionally the plant is used for the treatment of chronic bronchitis, asthma, and whooping cough.
Drosera peltata Thunb. DroseraceaePata sishirHerb  Whole plantHerb can be of value as a poultice since it brings more blood to the area and helps speed the clearance of toxins in arthritis and rheumatism.
Drynaria quercifolia (L.) J. Sm.PolypodiaceaePankhirajEpiphyteRhizomeThe rhizome is astringent, bitter and tonic to the bowels. It is used in the treatment of typhoid, dyspepsia and coughs.
Duabanga grandiflora (Roxb. ex DC.) Walp.SonneratiaceaeBandorholaTreeLeafThe leaf extract is used topically to whiten skin, retard aging, and heal inflammation through the stimulation of type II collagen production.
Duranta erecta L.VerbenaceaeKatamehediShrubLeafThe plant is used in the treatment of fevers, skin itches.
Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & ClemantsChenopodiaceaeGandha batuaHerbLeafThis herb is used in folk medicine in the form of teas, poultices, and infusions for inflammatory problems, contusions, and lung infections, and as purgative, analgesic, as a vermifuge to expel round-worms and hook-worms, and as an antifungal.

Disclaimer: The uses of medicinal plants described in this database are not recommendations, and the authors are not responsible for any liability arising directly or indirectly from the use of information in this website. We sincerely hope that this database will be useful to the people who are interested in medicinal plants of Bangladesh. Contents of this site are intended for reference and informational purpose only. No content is intended to constitute any medical treatment recommendation. If you think you may be suffering from any medical condition, you should seek immediate medical attention. You should never delay seeking medical advice, disregard medical advice, or discontinue medical treatment because of any information on this site. Healthcare professionals like Traditional healers and Herbalists are expected to rely on their professional knowledge.